HP Commands:


Hold "Fn" key and click "Esc" to display SYS Info including serial #

Press F2 at start up to run system tools

RUN "Msinfo32" to display more system info


Time Servers:








 List of most common Ports:


Service Ports # Description
DNS 53  Domain Name Service
Finger 79  Finger
Gopher 70  Gopher
NTP 123 Network Time Protocol
PcAny 5632,5631,65301,22  Pc Anywhere
POP2 109  Post Office Protocol 2
POP3 110  Post Office Protocol 3
PPTP 1723,47  Point to point tunneling Prot.
RIP 520  Routing Internet Protocol
SMB 445,139,138,137  SMB
SMTP 25  Simple Mail Transport Protocol
Telnet 23  Telnet
TrnlSrv 3389, 1494 Terminal Server
. . .
ARC 42508 Discovery Port
ARC 42509 Admin Server
ARC 42510 RPC
ARC 42511 Content Update

List of well known Ports:

Port No. Protocol Service Name Aliases Comment
7 TCP echo Echo
7 UDP echo Echo
9 TCP discard sink null Discard
9 UDP discard sink null Discard
13 TCP daytime Daytime
13 UDP daytime Daytime
17 TCP qotd quote Quote of the day
17 UDP qotd quote Quote of the day
19 TCP chargen ttytst source Character generator
19 UDP chargen ttytst source Character generator
20 TCP ftp-data File Transfer
21 TCP ftp FTP Control
23 TCP telnet Telnet
25 TCP smtp mail Simple Mail Transfer
37 TCP time Time
37 UDP time Time
39 UDP rlp resource Resource Location Protocol
42 TCP nameserver name Host Name Server
42 UDP nameserver name Host Name Server
43 TCP nicname whois Who Is
53 TCP domain Domain Name
53 UDP domain Domain Name Server
67 UDP bootps dhcps Bootstrap Protocol Server
68 UDP bootpc dhcpc Bootstrap Protocol Client
69 UDP tftp Trivial File Transfer
70 TCP gopher Gopher
79 TCP finger Finger
80 TCP http www, http World Wide Web
88 TCP kerberos krb5 Kerberos
88 UDP kerberos krb5 Kerberos
101 TCP hostname hostnames NIC Host Name Server
102 TCP iso-tsap ISO-TSAP Class 0
107 TCP rtelnet Remote Telnet Service
109 TCP pop2 postoffice Post Office Protocol - Version 2
110 TCP pop3 postoffice Post Office Protocol - Version 3
111 TCP sunrpc rpcbind portmap SUN Remote Procedure Call
111 UDP sunrpc rpcbind portmap SUN Remote Procedure Call
113 TCP auth ident tap Authentication Service
117 TCP uucp-path UUCP Path Service
119 TCP nntp usenet Network News Transfer Protocol
123 UDP ntp Network Time Protocol
135 TCP epmap loc-srv DCE endpoint resolution
135 UDP epmap loc-srv DCE endpoint resolution
137 TCP netbios-ns nbname NETBIOS Name Service
137 UDP netbios-ns nbname NETBIOS Name Service
138 UDP netbios-dgm nbdatagram NETBIOS Datagram Service
139 TCP netbios-ssn nbsession NETBIOS Session Service
143 TCP imap imap4 Internet Message Access Protocol
158 TCP pcmail-srv repository PC Mail Server
161 UDP snmp snmp SNMP
162 UDP snmptrap snmp-trap SNMP TRAP
170 TCP print-srv Network PostScript
179 TCP bgp Border Gateway Protocol
194 TCP irc Internet Relay Chat Protocol
213 UDP ipx IPX over IP
389 TCP ldap Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
443 TCP https MCom
443 UDP https MCom
445 TCP Microsoft CIFS
445 UDP Microsoft CIFS
464 TCP kpasswd Kerberos (v5)
464 UDP kpasswd Kerberos (v5)
500 UDP isakmp ike Internet Key Exchange (IPSec)
512 TCP exec Remote Process Execution
512 UDP biff comsat Notifies users of new mail
513 TCP login Remote Login
513 UDP who whod Database of who's logged on, average load
514 TCP cmd shell Automatic Authentication
514 UDP syslog
515 TCP printer spooler Listens for incoming connections
517 UDP talk Establishes TCP Connection
518 UDP ntalk
520 TCP efs Extended File Name Server
520 UDP router router routed RIPv.1, RIPv.2
525 UDP timed timeserver Timeserver
526 TCP tempo newdate Newdate
530 TCP,UDP courier rpc RPC
531 TCP conference chat IRC Chat
532 TCP netnews readnews Readnews
533 UDP netwall For emergency broadcasts
540 TCP uucp uucpd Uucpd
543 TCP klogin Kerberos login
544 TCP kshell krcmd Kerberos remote shell
550 UDP new-rwho new-who New-who
556 TCP remotefs rfs rfs_server Rfs Server
560 UDP rmonitor rmonitord Rmonitor
561 UDP monitor
636 TCP ldaps sldap LDAP over TLS/SSL
749 TCP kerberos-adm Kerberos administration
749 UDP kerberos-adm Kerberos administration



CA Ports:


ITM RPC: 42611
ITM_Content Update: 42511
r12 Ports: 44333
ARC_Discovery: 42508
ARC_AdminServer: 42509
ARC_RPC: 42510
ARC_Content Update: 42511





To "brain dead" reset the UPS and configure the card:

1. Turn off the UPS

2. Unplug the power cord

3. Remove the AP9617

4. Hold the power off button for ten seconds, You will hear a click

5. Reinstall AP9617, plug into power, and turn UPS on.

6. Using the serial cable and HyperTerminal connect to the UPS on port 1 or 2 if one doesn't respond

7. Select bps of 2400, Data Bits 8, Parity none, stop bits 1, flow control none

8. Press the enter key few times until you get the admin prompt

9. Try apc for user name and password

10. If you cannot get in, you will have to reset the password with the reset button

11. Please follow the procedures on APC's website



DOS Commands:


RSoP.msc    /Resultant Set of Policy

chkdsk         / Check Disk

tracert -d    /doesn't resolve names
ping -t          /will continually ping

ping -4         /will ping using IPv4 and not IPv6
nbtstat ?     /displays options for nbtstat
nslookup ?  /displays options for nslookup
telnet           /type parameter and hit enter

ipconfig       /all > c:ipconfig.txt

route print  >> c:routeprint.txt

winmsd        /displays system information

cstop            /Command for ArcServe to stop all services.

                      Execute from C:\Program Files\CA\Brightstor ArcServe Backup

cstart           /Command for ArcServe to start all services

Itmdist \update - It will update ITM if downloads don't work. Then run regular update to finish updating all components.

shutdown -r -f -m \\RemoteComputerName  - will restart XP over Remote Desktop Session

net time /setsntp:time.windows.com,secondtimeserver.xxx.com  -  to set the time synchronization

w32tm /resync - To synchronize the client time with a time server

cd\                - to go back to C: prompt

gpupdate /force - To update policy settings now!

start/run winword /a - Starts Word in safe mode

msinfo32 - collects system info

perfmon /report (Vista) - Creates a quick Vista Report

vssadmin.exe - Views and manages Volume Shadow Copy settings.

vssadmin Resize ShadowStorage /For=C: /On=C: /Maxsize=3GB

arp -a       - shows mac and IP addresses

ATTRIB-Displays or changes file attributes.

ATTRIB [+R | -R] [+A | -A] [+S | -S] [+H | -H] [[drive:][path]filename] [/S]

+ Sets an attribute.
- Clears an attribute.
R Read-only file attribute.
A Archive file attribute.
S System file attribute.
H Hidden file attribute.
/S Processes files in all directories in the specified path.

CD-Displays the name of or changes the current directory.

CHDIR [drive:][path]
CD [drive:][path]

.. Specifies that you want to change to the parent directory.

Type CD drive: to display the current directory in the specified drive.
Type CD without parameters to display the current drive and directory.

COPY-Copies one or more files to another location.

COPY [/A | /B] source [/A | /B] [+ source [/A | /B] [+ ...]] [destination
[/A | /B]] [/V] [/Y | /-Y]

source Specifies the file or files to be copied.
/A Indicates an ASCII text file.
/B Indicates a binary file.
destination Specifies the directory and/or filename for the new file(s).
/V Verifies that new files are written correctly.
/Y Suppresses prompting to confirm you want to overwrite an
existing destination file.
/-Y Causes prompting to confirm you want to overwrite an
existing destination file.

The switch /Y may be preset in the COPYCMD environment variable.
This may be overridden with /-Y on the command line

To append files, specify a single file for destination, but multiple files
for source (using wildcards or file1+file2+file3 format).

DEL-Deletes one or more files.

DEL [drive:][path]filename [/P]
ERASE [drive:][path]filename [/P]

[drive:][path]filename Specifies the file(s) to delete. Specify multiple
files by using wildcards.
/P Prompts for confirmation before deleting each file.


[/O[[:]sortorder]] [/S] [/B] [/L] [/V]

Specifies drive, directory, and/or files to list.
(Could be enhanced file specification or multiple filespecs.)
/P Pauses after each screenful of information.
/W Uses wide list format.
/A Displays files with specified attributes.
attributes D Directories R Read-only files
H Hidden files A Files ready for archiving
S System files - Prefix meaning not
/O List by files in sorted order.
sortorder N By name (alphabetic) S By size (smallest first)
E By extension (alphabetic) D By date & time (earliest first)
G Group directories first - Prefix to reverse order
A By Last Access Date (earliest first)
/S Displays files in specified directory and all subdirectories.
/B Uses bare format (no heading information or summary).
/L Uses lowercase.
/V Verbose mode.

Switches may be preset in the DIRCMD environment variable. Override
preset switches by prefixing any switch with - (hyphen)--for example, /-W.

DOSKEY-Edits command lines, recalls command lines, and creates macros

DOSKEY [/switch ...] [macroname=[text]]

/BUFSIZE:size Sets size of macro and command buffer (default:512)
/ECHO:on|off Enables/disables echo of macro expansions (default:on)
/FILE:file Specifies file containing a list of macros
/HISTORY Displays all commands stored in memory
/INSERT Inserts new characters into line when typing
/KEYSIZE:size Sets size of keyboard type-ahead buffer (default:15)
/LINE:size Sets maximum size of line edit buffer (default:128)
/MACROS Displays all DOSKey macros
/OVERSTRIKE Overwrites new characters onto line when typing (default)
/REINSTALL Installs a new copy of DOSKey
macroname Specifies a name for a macro you create
text Specifies commands you want to assign to the macro

UP,DOWN arrows recall commands
Esc clears current command
F7 displays command history
Alt+F7 clears command history
[chars]F8 searches for command beginning with [chars]
F9 selects a command by number
Alt+F10 clears macro definitions

The following are special codes you can use in DOSKey macro definitions:
$T Command separator: allows multiple commands in a macro
$1-$9 Batch parameters: equivalent to %1-%9 in batch programs
$* Symbol replaced by everything following macro name on the command line

EDIT-MS-DOS Editor Version 2.0.026 Copyright (c) Microsoft Corp 1995.

EDIT [/B] [/H] [/R] [/S] [/<nnn>] [/?] [file(s)]

/B - Forces monochrome mode.
/H - Displays the maximum number of lines possible for your hardware.
/R - Load file(s) in read-only mode.
/S - Forces the use of short filenames.
/<nnn> - Load binary file(s), wrapping lines to <nnn> characters wide.
/? - Displays this help screen.
[file] - Specifies initial files(s) to load. Wildcards and multiple
filespecs can be given.

ERASE-Deletes one or more files.

DEL [drive:][path]filename [/P]
ERASE [drive:][path]filename [/P]

[drive:][path]filename Specifies the file(s) to delete. Specify multiple
files by using wildcards.
/P Prompts for confirmation before deleting each file.

FORMAT-Formats a disk for use with MS-DOS.

FORMAT drive: [/V[:label]] [/Q] [/F:size] [/B | /S] [/C]
FORMAT drive: [/V[:label]] [/Q] [/T:tracks /N:sectors] [/B | /S] [/C]
FORMAT drive: [/V[:label]] [/Q] [/1] [/4] [/B | /S] [/C]
FORMAT drive: [/Q] [/1] [/4] [/8] [/B | /S] [/C]

/V[:label] Specifies the volume label.
/Q Performs a quick format.
/F:size Specifies the size of the floppy disk to format (such
as 160, 180, 320, 360, 720, 1.2, 1.44, 2.88).
/B Allocates space on the formatted disk for system files.
/S Copies system files to the formatted disk.
/T:tracks Specifies the number of tracks per disk side.
/N:sectors Specifies the number of sectors per track.
/1 Formats a single side of a floppy disk.
/4 Formats a 5.25-inch 360K floppy disk in a high-density drive.
/8 Formats eight sectors per track.
/C Tests clusters that are currently marked "bad."

MD-Creates a directory.

MKDIR [drive:]path
MD [drive:]path

Displays the amount of used and free memory in your system.

MEM [/CLASSIFY | /DEBUG | /FREE | /MODULE modulename] [/PAGE]

/CLASSIFY or /C Classifies programs by memory usage. Lists the size of
programs, provides a summary of memory in use, and lists
largest memory block available.
/DEBUG or /D Displays status of all modules in memory, internal drivers,
and other information.
/FREE or /F Displays information about the amount of free memory left
in both conventional and upper memory.
/MODULE or /M Displays a detailed listing of a module's memory use.
This option must be followed by the name of a module,
optionally separated from /M by a colon.
/PAGE or /P Pauses after each screenful of information.

MKDIR-Creates a directory.

MKDIR [drive:]path
MD [drive:]path

MOVE-To move one or more files:
MOVE [/Y | /-Y] [drive:][path]filename1[,...] destination

To rename a directory:
MOVE [/Y | /-Y] [drive:][path]dirname1 dirname2

[drive:][path]filename1 Specifies the location and name of the file
or files you want to move. Destination specifies the new location of the file. Destination
can consist of a drive letter and colon, a directory
name, or a combination. If you are moving only one
file, you can also include a filename if you want
to rename the file when you move it.
[drive:][path]dirname1 Specifies the directory you want to rename.
dirname2 Specifies the new name of the directory.

/Y Suppresses prompting to confirm creation of a directory
or overwriting of the destination.
/-Y Causes prompting to confirm creation of a directory or
overwriting of the destination.

The switch /Y may be present in the COPYCMD environment variable.
This may be overridden with /-Y on the command line.

PATH-Displays or sets a search path for executable files.

PATH [[drive:]path[;...]]

Type PATH ; to clear all search-path settings and direct Windows to search
only in the current directory.
Type PATH without parameters to display the current path.

PROMPT-Changes the Windows command prompt.

PROMPT [text]

text Specifies a new command prompt.

Prompt can be made up of normal characters and the following special codes:

$Q = (equal sign)
$$ $ (dollar sign)
$T Current time
$D Current date
$P Current drive and path
$V Windows version number
$N Current drive
$G > (greater-than sign)
$L < (less-than sign)
$B | (pipe)
$H Backspace (erases previous character)
$E Escape code (ASCII code 27)
$_ Carriage return and linefeed

Type PROMPT without parameters to reset the prompt to the default setting.

RD-Removes (deletes) a directory.

RMDIR [drive:]path
RD [drive:]path

RENAME-Renames a file/directory or files/directories.

RENAME [drive:][path][directoryname1 | filename1] [directoryname2 | filename2]
REN [drive:][path][directoryname1 | filename1] [directoryname2 | filename2]

Note that you cannot specify a new drive or path for your destination.

RMDIR-Renames a file/directory or files/directories.

RENAME [drive:][path][directoryname1 | filename1] [directoryname2 | filename2]
REN [drive:][path][directoryname1 | filename1] [directoryname2 | filename2]

Note that you cannot specify a new drive or path for your destination.

Required parameter missing

TYPE-Displays the contents of text files.

TYPE [drive:][path]filename



Technical Terms:

FSMO=Flexible Single Master Operations

RIS=Remote Installation Services

AGLP=Account, Global, Local, Permissions

ASR=Automated System Recovery - Use NT backup to create a ASR backup, update after making any changes

netdiag.exe > filename.txt - to diagnose network

dcdiag.exe > filename.txt - to diagnose domain controller

QUOTAS=Enabled in drive properties

SCHEMA MASTER=Only one Schema Master

SHADOW COPY=Can only be accessed through a network share

ABE=Access Based Enumeration


SQL Commands:


sp_helpsort - Will show the sorting order installed


Other Commands:

Click Start/Run/cliconfg - to run SQL configuration


Byte Conversions:


1 MB = 1,000,000 bits/bytes
1 kb = 1,000 bits/bytes
1 bit/byte

1 byte = 8 bits
1 kilobyte (K / Kb) = 2^10 bytes = 1,024 bytes
1 megabyte (M / MB) = 2^20 bytes = 1,048,576 bytes
1 gigabyte (G / GB) = 2^30 bytes = 1,073,741,824 bytes
1 terabyte (T / TB) = 2^40 bytes = 1,099,511,627,776 bytes
1 petabyte (P / PB) = 2^50 bytes = 1,125,899,906,842,624 bytes
1 exabyte (E / EB) = 2^60 bytes = 1,152,921,504,606,846,976 bytes